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100 1  Hume, David,|d1711-1776|4aut 
245 10 Hume’s dialogues concerning natural religion 
264  1 |bSaga Egmont,|c2020 
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520    David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion had not
       yet been published when he died in 1776. Even though the 
       manuscript was mostly written during the 1750s, it did not
       appear until 1779. The subject itself was too delicate and
       controversial, and Hume’s dialectical examination of 
       religious knowledge was especially provocative. What 
       should we teach young people about religion? The 
       characters Demea, Cleanthes, and Philo passionately 
       present and defend three sharply different answers to that
       question. Demea opens the dialogue with a position derived
       from René Descartes and Father Malebranche — God’s nature 
       is a mystery, but God’s existence can be proved logically.
       Cleanthes attacks that view, both because it leads to 
       mysticism and because it attempts the impossible task of 
       trying to establish existence on the basis of pure reason,
       without appeal to sense experience. As an alternative, he 
       offers a proof of both God’s existence and God’s nature 
       based on the same kind of scientific reasoning established
       by Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton. Taking a skeptical 
       approach, Philo presents a series of arguments that 
       question any attempt to use reason as a basis for 
       religious faith. He suggests that human beings might be 
       better off without religion. The dialogue ends without 
       agreement among the characters, justifying Hume’s choice 
       of dialogue as the literary style for this topic. Born in 
       Scotland, Hume challenges much of the philosophy that 
       prevailed in Europe and England in the 17th and 18th 
       century. He was especially critical of the rationalism 
       developed by René Descartes and his followers. Although he
       wrote a number of influential essays (including "A 
       Treatise of Human Nature" and "Inquiry Concerning Human 
       Understanding"), his dialogues are especially well suited 
       for the topic of religion. As his character Pamphilus says
       : “Any philosophical question that is so obscure and 
       uncertain that human reason can reach no agreement about 
       it, if it is treated at all, seems to lead us naturally to
       the style of dialogue.” [Elib] 
653    E-ljudbok 
653    eLib 
655  7 Ljudböcker|2saogf 
655  7 Ej skönlitterärt verk|2marc 
700 1  Anderson, Liselotte|4nrt 
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856 4  |uhttps://malmo.elib.se/Books/Details/1102372|zLåna som E-